In the digital age, Accessibility in Website Design has become an essential element for participation in many spheres of daily life. However, to ensure an inclusive online experience, it is essential that websites are designed with accessibility as a priority. In this article, we will explore the importance of accessibility in website design, providing a technical approach to ensuring accessible fair to all users.

Definition of Web Accessibility

Web accessibility refers to the practice of designing and developing websites so that they are accessible to all people, regardless of their abilities or disabilities. This includes ensuring access for people with visual, hearing, motor or cognitive disabilities. The goal is to make web content understandable and navigable for everyone, promoting digital inclusion.

Accessibility Standards and Guidelines

A technical approach to accessibility begins with understanding accessibility standards and guidelines. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has defined the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), a globally recognized standard that provides clear and measurable evaluation criteria to ensure accessibility. These standards are divided into four fundamental principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable and Robust.

Semantic Structure and Correct Labeling

A key practice in accessible design is the use of semantic structure and correct labeling. HTML elements should be used semantically, providing a clear and meaningful structure to the content. Correctly labeling elements, including forms and images, ensures that screen readers can accurately interpret and communicate content to blind users.

Alternative Text for Images

To ensure accessibility for users with visual impairments, it is essential to provide alternative text for images. Each image should be accompanied by a text description explaining its meaning or content. This not only helps blind users, but also provides useful information in situations where images cannot be loaded or viewed.

Color Contrast and Text Readability

Another critical aspect is the contrast of colors and the readability of the text. The text should have sufficient contrast to the surrounding background to be easily readable. This is crucial for users with visual impairments or those who browse the site in environments with variable lighting.

Keyboard Navigation and Visual Focus

Keyboard site navigation is a critical element of accessibility. Users who use assistive technologies, such as screen readers or keyboards, should be able to access all features of the site without problems. Visual focus must be carefully managed so that users always know where they are on the page and which element is currently selected.

Video and Accessible Multimedia Content

To make videos and other multimedia accessible, it is important to provide subtitles, audio transcriptions, and alternative descriptions. This allows users with hearing or visual impairments to fully understand the multimedia content. Using accessible playback controls is equally important to ensuring a smooth experience.

Tests with Real Users and Automatic Evaluation Tools

A technical approach to accessibility requires extensive testing. Involving users with disabilities during testing is crucial to get real feedback on the usability of the site. Additionally, using automated assessment tools, such as Axe, WAVE, or Lighthouse, can help quickly identify accessibility issues and suggest fixes.


In conclusion, accessibility in website design is an ethical and practical imperative. A technical approach that follows accessibility standards and guidelines, along with specific practices such as semantic structure, alternative text, and keyboard navigation, is critical to ensuring that websites are accessible to all users, regardless of their abilities or disability. Investing in accessible design not only broadens the user base, but also reflects a commitment to inclusiveness and digital equity.

Content related to: Accessibility in Website Design

Some completed projects

How did I approach the various needs

Accessibility in Website Design: Progetto IBSA

The client’s need was to manage the critical issues of the multiple sites in terms of security, evolutionary development and management…

Accessibility in Website Design: Progetto MotorstoreTP

For this client, work was done to optimize the company database, the development of an ecommerce platform on Magento

Accessibility in Website Design: Progetto Gemmo

Together with the client Muller, we designed a web application that would allow customers to participate in a photography competition…

24ore business school
Enel Group
logo endovet
Muzzi cachemire
logo alma
logo macrolux
setonix logo